The Liddell—Scott Greek—English Lexicon gives the following simplified definition simplified for the noun:  emptying, depletion, emptiness of life e. Vettius Valens depletion, low diet, as opposed to plerosis fullness e. Hippocrates waning of the moon e. Of these five times it is Phil , in which Jesus is said to have "emptied himself", which is the starting point of Christian ideas of kenosis. John the Baptist displayed the attitude when he said of Jesus, "He must become greater; I must become less. Kenosis is only possible through humility and presupposes that one seeks union with God.
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The Holy Spirit descended in a bodily shape Before we dig into the heresy of the kenotic doctrine kenosis , we should consider what the Bible says about the Deity of Jesus and His mission on earth because if we fail to see the truth, we cannot understand and see the heresy of the kenotic doctrine, and some elements of kenotic variations also exist elsewhere among Christians than in prosperity theology and the extreme charismatic movement.
The Gospel of Luke in the Bible shows the most specifically what happened after Jesus was baptized in water - so that we would not be mistaken in this topic and so that we could understand it right. The Bible says that the Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus in a bodily shape, i.
The Holy Spirit was upon Jesus, in a bodily shape of a dove. This means that the Holy Spirit did not enter Jesus, i. Because Jesus already in Himself had the Spirit of God, it was not necessary for Him to be filled with the Holy Spirit, and that is why the Holy Spirit remained upon Him, in the bodily shape of a dove. In the verses above, the Bible clearly shows what happened, by using the phrasing "in a bodily shape like a dove" so that everyone would understand what happened.
We need to understand and see this event exactly as it is clearly reported to us by the Gospel of Luke. Jesus did not experience the experience of being filled with the Holy Spirit, because the Holy Spirit remained upon Jesus in the shape of a dove. Why did the Holy Spirit descend upon Jesus in the shape of a dove? John 1: 32 And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him.
John the Baptist saw the Holy Spirit descend from heaven like a dove, aboding upon Jesus. John the Baptist was the voice of one crying in the wilderness; his task was to tell people about the Messiah, Redeemer and Son of God in whom people should believe in order for them to be saved because Jesus is the One who baptizes people with the Holy Spirit and fire. John the Baptist understood who Jesus is when the Holy Spirit descended in the shape of a dove upon Jesus.
Instead, the Holy Spirit remained in a bodily shape of a dove upon Jesus, and that was how John the Baptist understood that Jesus is the Son of God because God had told this and given this as a sign to John the Baptist. God does not need to be anointed by the Holy Spirit, because He Himself is anointed. Lord Jesus did not need to be anointed with the Holy Spirit in order to carry out His mission on earth because He Himself was and is God at all times, who has the power and testimony of the Spirit.
That was not the case. The Bible says hat Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness. This means that the Son was obedient to His Father and did the will of the Father, and the will of the Father equals the will of the Son. The moment of the Holy Spirit descending upon Jesus in the shape of a dove also was the moment when Jesus started to operate as the Messiah, preaching the Kingdom of God, healing the sick, and also performing other miracles and wonders.
Through Isaiah, God had given the sign for identifying the Messiah. Through Isaiah, the Lord said that when the Spirit of the Lord God is upon the anointed one Messiah , the anointed one of the Lord will preach good tidings the Gospel , bind up the brokenhearted recover and heal hearts broken by sin , etc.
It would certainly have been possible for Jesus to perform miracles earlier than that because he was and is God, but he abided by the will of the Father and started preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom, and performing miracles after the above event, prophesied by Isaiah and shown to John the Baptist. That was the moment in time that launched the ministry of Jesus as the Messiah and God in the flesh; and He was God in the flesh throughout His walk on earth.
And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, 18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, 19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. After the Holy Spirit had remained in the shape of a dove upon Jesus and after John the Baptist had identified Him being the Son of God and the Messiah, Jesus went to the wilderness in the power of the Spirit, not because he had been given the power of the Spirit but because His ministry as the Messiah and God in the flesh was to begin as reported to us in the Bible.
After returning from the wilderness, Jesus entered the synagogue and read Chapter 61 of Esaias Isaiah , which says that the Spirit of the Lord was upon Him and that God had anointed Him to preach the gospel, etc. The words "he [God] hath anointed me" are to be understood so that Jesus started His ministry by preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom of God, and not that God would have anointed Jesus by filling Him with the Holy Spirit, which is not true. Chapter 3 of Luke says that the Holy Spirit descended in the bodily shape of a dove upon Jesus, and remained upon Him.
In this context, the phrasing "hath anointed" is to be understood so that Jesus started preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom of God, not that he was filled with the Holy Spirit because Jesus - who is God - does not need such an experience because He Himself is God who is always full of the power and Spirit of God.
Mark And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon ep - epi him: The Greek word epi in the Byzant and Textus Receptus sources means "upon". The revelation of the Bible is in harmony with all other Bible places because the Holy Spirit remained in the bodily shape of a dove upon Jesus.
Acts 36 The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: he is Lord of all: 37 That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; 38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him. We are to understand the verses above in the context of what happened after the water baptism of Jesus when the dove, in a bodily shape, descended upon Jesus, and in the context of what the Bible as a whole says.
In the Old Testament, anointing oil was used to anoint priests and kings to their ministries, which means that God authorized them to their ministry through a visible sign. The moment of anointing them with oil was the moment which ended their previous ministries, and they accepted the new ministry so that they were separated to it by the anointing with oil.
The anointing of Jesus with the Holy Spirit and power did not happen so that Jesus would have been filled with the power of the Holy Spirit after His water baptism because the Bible says that a dove descended in a bodily shape upon Jesus, and nothing entered Jesus His heart in that situation. The anointing of Jesus with the Holy Spirit and power means that the dove in a bodily shape was the sign indicating that Jesus is the anointed Messiah and God in the flesh, and the Spirit and power of God dwells and operates in Jesus Himself.
When God fills someone with the Holy Spirit, it always has an internal impact in the heart of that person: 2 Cor Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. The verses above tell us that when God gives the Holy Spirit to a person and fills that person with the Holy Spirit, it always has an impact inside the person, i. As we have understood, the Bible says that the Holy Spirit remained upon Jesus, but did not enter Him, i.
The Bible testifies that God anointed separated Jesus - at the moment when the Holy Spirit, in the shape of a dove, was upon Him - to be the Messiah and God in the flesh, with the power of God that Jesus had.
The above moment was when Jesus was to start His work as the Messiah in the power of God, and the anointing, i.
That moment separated Jesus from the time before that when He had not yet stood out as the Messiah, but the moment was when He was to stand out as the Messiah.
Jesus, too, needed the sign from God so that John the Baptist, and we, too, could identify Jesus as the Messiah, in the same way that people were separated through anointing to be priests and kings so that others, too, would know that they were chosen by God to their respective ministries.
God in the flesh, who was and is God at all times, does not need to be filled with the Spirit because He Himself is God and an eternal Spirit. Philippians 2: 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: 8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
The original text says that Jesus was in the form of God at all times, i. He was God at all times, but because He came in the flesh human , He was not like God in that sense because God is a Spirit and the Spirit Father does not have a human body.
However, when Jesus came in the flesh, He was God at all times, but not only in the Spirit but also in a human body. Why are we not to believe that Jesus was filled with the Holy Spirit after water baptism? First of all, because that is not true. Secondly, because believing that lie may also lead people to believe other heresies, such as that Jesus only became the Lord God after He had been filled with the Holy Spirit; and the heresy of Jesus being reborn when He was filled with the Holy Spirit; and that Jesus had to be anointed with the Holy Spirit so that He was capable of performing His ministry on earth, etc.
Because Jesus was and is God at all times, He did not need the experience of being filled with the Holy Spirit, because He Himself is an eternal Spirit, God, who always has the power of the Spirit, and that is why He was full of the Holy Spirit of God.
If you fail to understand this doctrine of the Deity of Jesus as the Bible teaches us, you are running the risk of getting lost in the maze of the kenosis doctrine. Some people who uphold the kenosis doctrine say that when Jesus said the Son can do nothing of himself, so it is the proof that the kenosis doctrine is Biblical and correct.
When we study the Bible, we see that the aforesaid thing is not true. John 5: 15 The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus, which had made him whole. The Lord Jesus healed a man on the Sabbath day. The Jews persecuted Jesus, because He had healed a man on the Sabbath day. The Lord Jesus did not say that He healed this man being himself as the man or that He was not God when He healed this man.
The words of Jesus that He can do nothing Himself, but what He sees the Father do, for what things soever He does, these also does the Son likewise means that Jesus is doing the will of His Father, but not that Jesus Himself is unable to make miracles. The Lord Jesus said the He make the things that the Father is doing. The Kenosis doctrine is a heresy, because Jesus is in all situations God who visited on the earth in a fashion of a man.
The Kenosis doctrine There are many variations of the kenosis doctrine, but the main doctrine and idea is that in order for Jesus to be capable of being a human being, i. In different variations of the doctrine, some say that Jesus still remained God, even though He gave up some of His Deity.
The kenosis doctrine is based on Philippians Chapter Based on the above, the kenotic kenosis doctrine says that Jesus gave up was emptied of His Deity or some characteristics of Deity.
As shown above, Philippians Chapter 2 clearly says what the emptying making himself of no reputation was all about. Jesus was only emptied in the sense that He, being an eternal Spirit and God, took the shape of a human being by coming in the flesh the likeness of men and emptied humbled Himself as the servant of men, while being the true God at all times.
The Bible does not teach that Jesus gave up His Deity partially or in full, but does teach that God came in the flesh to serve people while remaining God at all times. Kenneth Copeland teaches the kenosis doctrine as follows: "What does God have to pay the price for this thing? He has to have a man that is like that first one. He cannot be a God and come storming in here with attributes and dignities that are not common to man. For one single reason. Jews, too, understood that He said that He is God, because they said that they would stone Jesus for blasphemy, because they believed that He was only a human being who made Himself God.
Kenneth Copeland: "When Jesus cried "It is finished! There were still three days and nights to go through before He went to the throne. Kenneth Copeland is an advocate of the JDS doctrine, according to which Jesus did not atone the sin of the world on the cross, but in Hell this JDS doctrine is heretic doctrine. The USA-based Word of Faith movement prosperity theology and extreme charismatic movements teach that the blood of Jesus did not atone the sins of people on the cross because Jesus had to die spiritually on the cross, after which Jesus atoned the sins of people in Hell.
This heresy, too, can be traced back to the kenosis doctrine. Bill Johnson, senior pastor of Bethel church, teaches that Jesus did not perform miracles as God, but as a human being. Victoria Osteen: "You see, Jesus walked this earth in a human body. He was man, He was God made flesh. The Bible says He was tempted and tried in every way, just like we are, but He overcame. See, Jesus was man until God touched him and put the Spirit of the living God on the inside of him.
Redemption and salvation in the Lord Jesus are based on that while He was on earth, Jesus was a true and real human being and true and real God at the same time at all times because when He atoned the sin of the world, He had to be a true and real human being and live a perfect, sinless life - and that is what He did - and He had to be true God at all times because only God is perfect and sinless and can achieve a once-for-all, eternal, perfect atonement of sins.
The kenosis doctrine is extremely dangerous because it may lead people away from salvation, i. If you encounter Gnosticism, you can clearly see that it is similar to the kenosis doctrine. It is said that Theodotus of Byzantium, who lived in the 2nd century, taught that Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary and the Holy Spirit, only being a human being, not a divine human being, and Jesus only later became Christ through baptism, and Jesus only became God after his resurrection.
Gnostic valentianinism says that the divine Redeemer is called the Thought of the Spirit of the Father, and the Thought descended upon Him in the shape of a dove, and that was how the Word became flesh. Gnostic valentianinism says that this was the real birth from the Virgin, and the real resurrection from the dead because Jesus was reborn from the virginal Spirit. Valentinianism Christology underlines that Jesus the human being was redeemed by joining Him to the Redeemer through baptism. Valentinianism taught that the Son is the name that descended to Jesus as a dove and set Him free.
According to valentianinism, the redemption of Jesus the human being is understood to apply to everyone who are part of the higher church seed because Jesus the human being was joined to the Redeemer. The advocates of valentianinism taught that the church is identical with Jesus the human being because the church has also been joined to the Redeemer. According to valentianinism, the Son descended upon Jesus through baptism is also the redemption of Jesus the human being and the redemption of everyone who has joined him.
Kenotic Christology is the belief that the Son in the incarnation ceased to be God or gave up some or all of his divine attributes temporarily until his ascension to the right hand of God. This understanding of the incarnation is in contrast to the historic belief in the hypostatic union of the two natures of Christ. Chalcedonian Christology teaches that Jesus, from the moment of the incarnation, is fully God and fully man at the same time in one person and that he never emptied himself of any of his divine attributes. Kenotic Christology errs in failing to understand the nature of the incarnation, the relationship between the human and divine natures of Christ with respect to his person, and it overlooks many passages in the Gospels which mention his divine attributes.
The Self‐Emptying of Love: Some Thoughts on Kenotic Christology
The Holy Spirit descended in a bodily shape Before we dig into the heresy of the kenotic doctrine kenosis , we should consider what the Bible says about the Deity of Jesus and His mission on earth because if we fail to see the truth, we cannot understand and see the heresy of the kenotic doctrine, and some elements of kenotic variations also exist elsewhere among Christians than in prosperity theology and the extreme charismatic movement. The Gospel of Luke in the Bible shows the most specifically what happened after Jesus was baptized in water - so that we would not be mistaken in this topic and so that we could understand it right. The Bible says that the Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus in a bodily shape, i. The Holy Spirit was upon Jesus, in a bodily shape of a dove. This means that the Holy Spirit did not enter Jesus, i. Because Jesus already in Himself had the Spirit of God, it was not necessary for Him to be filled with the Holy Spirit, and that is why the Holy Spirit remained upon Him, in the bodily shape of a dove. In the verses above, the Bible clearly shows what happened, by using the phrasing "in a bodily shape like a dove" so that everyone would understand what happened.