Over the past years, more than fifty archaeological projects, large and small, have been mounted at Kaminaljuyu. In addition to excavations, scholars such as Alfred Maudslay and Samuel K. Lothrop have recorded sculpture and made maps of the site. In Manuel Gamio undertook limited excavations, finding deep cultural deposits yielding potsherds and clay figurines from what later was called the "Middle Cultures" of Mesoamerica from BC to AD.
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Its strategic location enabled control of crucial trade routes during the Maya period. Between B. Long abandoned, the site was rediscovered in the early twentieth century.
Encroachment from the ever-expanding Guatemala City prompted its placement on the World Monuments Watch. Funding from the government of Japan assisted local authorities with improved stewardship.
Tunnels from excavations carried out in the s were backfilled and stabilized. World Monuments Fund helped fund the development of designs for new protective covers for two archaeologically sensitive structures at the site to protect the fragile material from erosion caused by exposure to the elements. Its role as the nucleus in a complex political and economic environment, as well as its ceremonial and civic-administrative functions, was critical to the development of the region over the centuries.
The expansion of Guatemala City has increased awareness of the need to protect this early settlement site and legislation was enacted in the s for this purpose. Despite these efforts, spearheaded by the Instituto de Antropologia e Historia de Guatemala, deterioration has continued at the site, which has necessitated the installation of protective shelters to preserve the remains of Kaminaljuyu.
Kaminaljuyu, Guatemala City
Parque Arqueológico Kaminaljuyú