Until recently, its political impact was thought to be a matter of low politics--background conditions and routine processes and decisions. Now, however, experts have begun to An examination of the ways cyberspace is changing both the theory and the practice of international relations. Now, however, experts have begun to recognize its effect on high politics--national security, core institutions, and critical decision processes. In this book, Nazli Choucri investigates the implications of this new cyberpolitical reality for international relations theory, policy, and practice. The ubiquity, fluidity, and anonymity of cyberspace have already challenged such concepts as leverage and influence, national security and diplomacy, and borders and boundaries in the traditionally state-centric arena of international relations. Choucri grapples with fundamental questions of how we can take explicit account of cyberspace in the analysis of world politics and how we can integrate the traditional international system with its cyber venues.

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Choucri, Nazli. Cyberpolitics in international relations. MIT press, Review td;dr Traditional IR theory stinks. Also, computers are a thing people should care about. Cyberpolitics is one of first books that pushed the IR community to think about cybersecurity in a meaningful way.

Choucri argues that traditional IR theory has failed us. It is static, state-focused, unable to combine perspectives, and ignorant or unwilling to address change. IR theory must be modified to address cyberspace. Below are some of my notes, with definitions and quotes.

When politics is evoked, power is a necessary corollary p. Influence: conditions shaped by hierarchy, forms of social stratification, both formal and informal, and uneven access to centers of decision and power. To the extent that cyber venues are used for such purposes, they must be seen not only as enablers but also as important multipliers p. Pursuit of power and wealth dominates.

International system is anarchic in nature and states are the primary actors States are unitary actors Decisions follow a rational calculus Institutionalism: liberalism cooperation, coordination, mechanisms to routinize the international behavior of states International system is potentially harmonious Individuals are relatively benign Collaboration is necessary and feasible International institutions have autonomous impacts on outcomes Constructivism: emphasizes the subjective, perceptions, cognition, beliefs, values, symbols.

International system shaped by social interactions 3 challenges for IR theory: Recognize and represent critical interconnections among systems of interaction Fundamentally address the dynamics of transformation and change Account for actors and entities consistent with empirical conditions.


Cyberpolitics in International Relations

Cyber peace provides the number of way to individuals to put their weight on politics which governments cannot always be ignored. Cyberpolitics in International Relations — The World Politics Cyberpolitics, a recently coined term, refers to the conjunction of two processes or realities—those pertaining to traditional human contentions for power and influence politics surrounding the determination of who gets what, when, and how, and those enabled by a constructed domain cyber as a new arena of human interaction with its own modalities, realities, and contentions. Why online activism or social media-born activism is less effective? Cyberspace is reshaping the political process, democratic values and voting behavior, theory and practice of international relations. The unprecedented potential of the weak states and non-state actors to harm or influence much stronger states and organizations a great shift in the nature of the game. The existing world order which is characterized by the hierarchical power relations among the states like unipolar, bipolar, multipolar, regional and extra-regional blocks are being replaced by the new structure of relations having features of individualism, the weak hierarchy of states, diffusion of power, and international unions.


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Choucri, Nazli. Cyberpolitics in international relations. MIT press, Review td;dr Traditional IR theory stinks.



This powerful combination of forces is changing the way we live and redefining the way companies conduct business and national governments pursue strategies of innovation, economic growth and diplomacy. Integrating theoretical frameworks, empirical research and case studies, the editors and contributors have organized the chapters into three major sections, focusing on cyber-development, cyber-democracy and cyber-defense. The authors define cyber-development as a set of tools, methodologies and practices that leverage ICT to catalyze and accelerate social, political and economic development, with an emphasis on making the transition to knowledge-based economies. One underlying understanding here is that knowledge, knowledge creation, knowledge production and knowledge application innovation behave as crucial drivers for enhancing democracy, society, and the economy.

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