One single IC can be used to count form zero 0 to nine 9 directly on a Common Cathode type 7-segment display. The count can be increased by simply giving a high clock pulse; also more than one digit can be created by cascading more than one CD IC. So if you have a 7-segment CC display on which you have to display numbers that are being counted based on some condition then this IC will be a perfect choice. We have 7 output pins naming from Out A to Out G which is directly connected to the 7-segment display. The 7-segment pins will increment the count by one number each time when the clock pin pin 1 is made high.
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It has a 5 stage Johnson decade counter with a decoder which converts the Johnson code to a 7 segment decoded output. To put it simply, it will convert the input into numeric display and can be seen on 7 segment display or with LED.
It can be used for displaying analogue value such as temperature with pic microcontroller or for counting objects. There is various other applications like in 7 segment decimal display circuit, in clocks, timer etc. Advantages of counter are: It contains counters and 7 segment decoded in one package, It can be easily interfaced with 7 segment types, Ideal for low power display, Operated at wide range of temperature from 5V to 20V and the biggest advantage of the B counter IC is that it can drive a 7-segment display without needing a decoder driver IC.
Now let us understand the working of individual pins- Fig. Pin 1 or clock pin- It receives clock signals and at every positive clock, counter advances one by one. You can provide clock with the switch, timer or with the help of logic gates. In short high pulse on this input increments the counter.
Pin 2 or disable clock clk inhibit pin- counter advances one by one by receiving positive pulse at this time clock inhibit pin should be grounded. If it is connected to supply than counter advancement will be inhibited means there will be no meaning of clock pulse.
Pin 3 or enable display En in pin- It enable the 7 segment display to display the numeric value. It should be kept high for enabling the display. Mean output goes high when only when display enable is high. Pin 4 or enable out- It Enables the carry out pin. In our circuit we have left this pin unconnected. Pin 6, pin7 and Pin9 to pin 13 — These are 7 decoded output from a to g used to illuminates the corresponding segment of 7 segment display to display the digit from 0 to 9.
This feature is a required in implementation of certain divider function such a as divide by 60 and divide by Pin 15 or Reset pin- It is used to reset the counter. When it receives high it clears the counter and counting again starts from zero.
One important thing about reset pin that it should be again made low to start the counter once again. Pin 8 or ground pin and Pin 16 or Vdd — It should be connected to power supply. To understand its working assemble the circuit as shown in circuit diagram 1- It uses a combined counter and display driver IC which is designed to drive 7 segment displays.
When you press the switch, counter starts from zero and it advances one each time whenever pin 1 receives a positive pulse. When you press the switch for first time numeric 1 will display, on pressing the switch again numeric 2 will display, giving you second output. In similar manner 3 and 4 will display. And when count reaches to 9, after that it will again starts it counting from zero.
For resetting the counter to zero, pin 15 must be taken high and then taken low again. The table shown below shows sequence, how each segment glows after receiving clock signals? This may cause the switch to deliver several pulses in rapid succession. But we just want one clock pulse at a time. Therefore we have used resistor with switches which create a short delay. Hence when we press switch it will provide high to pin 1 and hold it until switch is again press.
In circuit diagram 2 we have provide the facility to restart the counting from zero from any point as required by the user. This can be done, just by pressing the Switch S2 momentarily and with the help of Switch S3 you can hold the state of counting.
Like you want number 4 should be displayed on the switch S3, no matter how many times you press S1 Clk input or S2 Reset counter will not start neither it will reset.
Interfacing 4026 with 7 segment display