Plot summary[ edit ] A rare and never before seen alien race uses a tool with the appearance of a large crystalline monolith to investigate worlds across the galaxy and, if possible, to encourage the development of intelligent life. The book shows one such monolith appearing in prehistoric Africa, 3 million years B. The ape-men use their tools to kill animals and eat meat, ending their starvation. They then use the tools to kill a leopard preying on them; the next day, the main ape character, Moon-Watcher, uses a club to kill the leader of a rival tribe. The book suggests that the monolith was instrumental in awakening intelligence.
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We will explore the events in the book, discuss and analyze its main themes, and finish with a short quiz. Introduction Arthur C. Clarke published A Space Odyssey in Then Kubrick made the movie and Clarke wrote the novel. He won many honors during his lifetime, including a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II, and his work and ideas remain a significant influence on science fiction today.
Clarke Plot Summary Context Even if you have seen the movie version of this science fiction novel, you might be confused while reading it. That is because the novel does not follow the movie exactly.
While the movie and book were both developed from the same idea, Arthur C. Clarke finished writing the book before he ever saw the full movie.
The book is written in five sections which leap through time. Part I: Primeval Night 3 million years B. A group of ape-like early human ancestors, led by a character named Moon-Watcher, sees the device. After seeing the device, the group starts creating tools, which in turn gives them an advantage over the wild animals and other tribes.
The artifact and its origin puzzle the scientists. Its dimensions are too precise to have been formed by nature, but the artifact predates humankind. During a trip to investigate the artifact, which the scientists consider evidence that intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe, Floyd and the scientists witness a startling event: the sun rises over the crater and, for the first time in three million years, the monolith is hit with sunlight.
Activated by the sunlight, the monolith sends a signal toward one of the moons of Saturn. After this burst of activity, the monolith loses its magnetic property. It is now and a mission to Saturn has been organized. The mission, named Discovery One, consists of five men and an artificially intelligent computer named HAL Three of the men are in a suspended state during the book.
David Bowman and Dr. Francis Poole are awake and in charge of running the spaceship and fixing anything that goes wrong. Poole undergoes a risky procedure in a extravehicular pod to fix it, only for Bowman to discover that the original part was fine. When questioned about the mix-up, HAL denies that the fault is his. Earth, by this point, has realized that HAL is not behaving correctly. Unfortunately, HAL scrambles the message and informs the crew that they have definitely lost contact with Earth.
Poole dons his suit and goes out of the spaceship again to remove the supposedly broken part of the antenna. While outside, his external pod runs into him. It tears his suit and the rip results in his death. Bowman suspects HAL killed Poole.
He tries to wake the hibernating crew members. HAL retaliates by opening the airlocks. Bowman saves himself by donning an emergency spacesuit. He realizes that HAL is behind everything and shuts down his systems.
Once Hal is no longer a threat, Bowman contacts Earth and learns that they did not tell him the truth about his mission. The scientists on Earth hope he will be able to establish contact with whoever put the monolith on the Moon. He did not want to be disconnected. The earlier behavior, such as misreporting the status of equipment, was due to a malfunction after the scientists asked him to hide the true nature of the mission from Bowman and the rest of the crew.
Bowman tries to fix up the spaceship, but it is obvious that the spaceship does not have enough oxygen to keep Bowman alive until a rescue spaceship arrives. As he draws closer to Iapetus, Bowman sees the monolith. It is bigger than the one on the moon. Once he arrives, he takes one of the extravehicular pods and decides to explore it.
When he gets closer to the monolith it opens, revealing itself to be a star gate. He observes other spaceships, planets, and species. Bowman winds up at a hotel suite. The hotel suite has been designed by the aliens based on knowledge they have gleaned from Earth. It is a safe place where they can observe him and help him evolve. Bowman falls asleep. Bowman-as-Star Child returns to Earth, where he becomes a sort of guardian of humanity. They cannot see him, but he prevents a nuclear warhead from hitting its target.
The ending implies that the Star Child, like the monolith, will observe and maybe even subtly interact with humankind during their next stage of evolution. In the beginning of the novel, the early ancestors of humans encounter the monolith on Earth. After they interact with the monolith, their intelligence, or at least their way of thinking, takes a leap. They begin to develop tools, which let them move up the food chain.
They are no longer prey. The tools allow them to become predators. Then the novel skips ahead to Humans have evolved considerably since the previous section. They now have advanced tools, such as spacecraft and scientific devices capable of detecting the magnetic monolith.
Furthermore, at the end of the novel, Bowman evolves and enters a higher plane of existence, where he is the Star Child, with the ability to travel through space and time. While evolution definitely exists and is well-explored in A Space Odyssey, the reader is left with one question: who or what is behind the evolution?
Evolution is generally considered a scientific process that occurs naturally, but in A Space Odyssey, evolution seems to be both instigated and influenced by aliens and their technology. Space Exploration Among the many tools that humankind develops in A Space Odyssey are those that assist with space exploration, such as artificial intelligence devices like HAL , spacecraft like Discovery One , and the technology the scientists use to analyze the destination of the TMA-1 signal.
Arthur C. Clarke was a lifelong spokesperson for the idea of space travel. Neil Armstrong did not walk on the moon until Yet the second part of the book features a scientific base on the moon. Clarke had a lot of belief in what man was capable of in terms of space travel. A significant portion of the novel is devoted to descriptions of the technology used on Discovery One. For Arthur C. Clarke, space exploration was not a question of how, but when. As a result, the idea of exploring space is an inherent theme in the book.
Lesson Summary Although it was written in and based off of a collaboration project with Stanley Kubrick, Arthur C. In it, he explores the themes of space exploration and evolution. Although alien technology, in the shape of monoliths, have subtle influences on humans, and possibly assist human evolution, the book is primarily focused on the events of a fictional space mission that occurs in During the mission, HAL , the artificially intelligent computer, malfunctions and all of the crew is killed aside from Dr.
David Bowman. When Dr. In this other galaxy, Bowman experiences the next step in evolution and becomes an immortal being called the Star Child who watches over Earth and prevents nuclear war.
ARTHUR C CLARKE 2001 RODSSZEIA PDF
Mibar A musical score was commissioned for the film and composed by Alex Northbut Kubrick ultimately decided not to use it, in favour of the classical pieces he used as rofsszeia during shooting. A Space Odysseyand Rendezvous with Rama. In fact, this story diverges from the film in several key aarthur. The book takes a different approach, providing tons of realistic details on orbital mechanics, zero-gravity conditions, and space stations.
ARTHUR C CLARKE 2001 RODSSZEIA PDF
Where the dark structure, indicated to go. It also hints that there were other monoliths in contact with other tribes. I need to watch it again? When I first read this book as a teenager I hated it, I thought was so dry and impenetrable. Credit offered by NewDay Ltd, over 18s only, subject to status. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. LitFlash The eBooks you want at the lowest prices.
Mikagal Floyd is piloted the 45 minutes to Space Station One, fielding questions from the stewardess and a Russian colleague about a quarantine and a rumored epidemic. An absolute must-read for science fiction fans! Views Read Edit View history. The apes of the first section evolve into spacefaring humankind, and then the protagonist, David Bowman, morphs into the Star Child, showcasing hope that from the darkness and the slime, this fragile human species might see beyond itself to become more than its most basic designs for destruction. As Poole is removing the unit he is killed when his pod accelerates into him, crushing him. Write a customer review. The ship is controlled by HALan artificial intelligence, and three other crew members are in suspended animation until the mission reaches Saturn.
We will explore the events in the book, discuss and analyze its main themes, and finish with a short quiz. Introduction Arthur C. Clarke published A Space Odyssey in Then Kubrick made the movie and Clarke wrote the novel. He won many honors during his lifetime, including a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II, and his work and ideas remain a significant influence on science fiction today. Clarke Plot Summary Context Even if you have seen the movie version of this science fiction novel, you might be confused while reading it. That is because the novel does not follow the movie exactly.