ALBERTUS MAGNUS DE SECRETIS MULIERUM PDF

De Secretis Mulierum is primarily a work of popularized natural philosophy. Conception is said to take place, therefore, when the two seeds are received in the womb in a place that nature has chosen. And after these seeds are received, the womb closes up like a purse on every side, so that nothing can fall out of it. After this happens, the woman no longer menstruates.

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Contents[ edit ] Owing to both the medical and philosophical nature of the text, a variety of topics are discussed by pseudo-Albert. While some of the thirteen chapters are strictly medical such as signs of conception, period of gestation, and the nature of the menses, others are largely theoretical. For example, the author discusses at length how the planets and constellations can affect a developing fetus.

Therefore, the nature of Secreta Mulierum is more accurately categorized as cosmological in focus and not medical. In fact, the author demonstrates a lack of basic medical knowledge, even for the time period.

For example, the author states in his discussion of menses that urine and menstrual blood are expelled from the body through the same opening. Scholars have concluded the writing may have been designed to be used as an instructional text on human reproduction for the religious community due to its nature.

The author states that the menses comes once a month due to the cold and humid nature of women and is the color of blood except in corrupt women. It was thought that women who had been corrupted by bad or viscous humors would have menses the color of lead. The author suggests that women keep themselves away from men during their monthly flow. The author believes that menstrual flow is poisonous and can even harm the eyes of children if they are looked upon by the woman.

Jove Jupiter : grants generosity and passion in the second month Mars : brings animosity, anger, and desire to the fetus; forms the head of the fetus and divides the arms from the torso during the third month Sun : bestows the power of knowing and remembering, as well as creates the heart Venus : causes separation of hands and feet, and it creates exterior features, such as the mouth, nose, and outer sexual organs Mercury : the sixth month is characterized by development of the voice, eyes, and hair; Joy is also created by Mercury Moon: brings formation of the fetus to an end by completing the skin The author also attributes certain body parts to the twelve signs of the Zodiac.

For example, the formation of the feet and sole is attributed to Pisces.

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Mulierum by Albertus Magnus

Contents[ edit ] Owing to both the medical and philosophical nature of the text, a variety of topics are discussed by pseudo-Albert. While some of the thirteen chapters are strictly medical such as signs of conception, period of gestation, and the nature of the menses, others are largely theoretical. For example, the author discusses at length how the planets and constellations can affect a developing fetus. Therefore, the nature of Secreta Mulierum is more accurately categorized as cosmological in focus and not medical.

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Albertus Magnus (1193?-1280)

E-Mail send to a friend folios on paper, watermark, two types of Ox head, Piccard volume 2, Abt. X, , , numerous localities, including Alpirsbach, Bamberg, Bubenhofen, Giengen, Hagenau Kaufbeuren, Kempten, Strassburg, etc, and XI, , , Bruck, Lienz, Mulldorf, Toblach, Trient, Halle , modern foliation in pencil top outer corner recto, previous incomplete modern foliation began on f. Dimensions x mm. Only one possible previous sale of this text identified in the Schoenberg Database no. Provenance 1. Written in Southern Germany in the first quarter of the sixteenth century as indicated by the script and the watermarks; it should be noted that both watermarks are distinctive types of ox heads, and can easily be identified in Piccard, thus suggesting that a narrower range of dates c. Text ff.

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